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永珍時報─ 調查公佈未爆彈意外受害者與相關數字

February 5, 2010
By Khamphone Syvongxay
永珍時報─ 調查公佈未爆彈意外受害者與相關數字

第30期 寮國未爆彈/地雷行動部國家管制局(National Regulatory Authority, NRA)的初次調查報告結果顯示,1964到2008年間,有超過5萬名民眾成為未爆彈(unexploded ordnance, UXO)意外事件的受害者。 國家管制局代表、政府和國際組織的高階成員、捐贈機構和非政府組織的負責人昨日於永珍的國際合作訓練中心(International Cooperation Training Center)開會。 會議主持人為勞動社會福利部長奧佔‧塔馬馮(Onechanh Thammavong)女士。 國家管制局長馬林加‧賽那馮(Malinga Saignavongs)博士表示,約有60%,也就是3萬名的受害民眾,在1964到1973年間受傷或死亡。 賽那馮表示,5萬名受害者中,有60%(3萬)人死亡,40%(2萬)人受傷。 賽那馮進一步表示,受傷的2萬人中,約有13,500人目前仍活著,且為殘障人士。 有25%的受害者住在沙灣拿吉省(Savannakhet),12%住在川壙省(Xieng Khuang)。約有26%的受害者未滿18歲。 過去10年來,30%的受害者因小型未爆彈而受害,另有13%遭地雷炸傷或炸死。 從1964到1968年間,約有65%的未爆彈受害者當場死亡,35%被炸傷。 奧佔女士說,美國轟炸任務期間丟下的未爆彈,使居民在印度支那戰爭結束30年後,仍面臨死亡或受傷的威脅。 她表示這些軍事裝置是寮國的一大問題,使得人民不敢種植作物,貧困依舊,社經發展緩慢。未爆彈受害者的身心復健更造成寮國政府與社會的沉重負擔。 部長補充道,該調查是由國家管制局和國家復健中心(National Rehabilitation Center)協力完成,並提供了解決寮國未爆彈問題的相關資訊。 她表示,該報告提供了執行未爆彈清除計畫的基本資訊,希望能促進政府、捐贈機構和運作單位間的合作。 國家管制局近日已展開第二期調查,了解2009年未爆彈意外的各項數字。 一般咸認,寮國是人民遭轟炸最慘重的國家。 (十分感謝本篇翻譯作者: Tien-Ying Hsu)
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